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Book Review ‘Panduan Penternakan Ayam Kampung’ (Malay Version) ---- Guide to Poultry Chicken Farming
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By: Dr. Uqbah Iqbal

Book Review ‘Panduan Penternakan Ayam Kampung’ (Malay Version) ---- Guide to Poultry Chicken Farming

Written by Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar Negeri Selangor, all the chickens including the village chicken in this area come from four kinds of jungle that have been crushed. Local cottage chicken in Malaysia is a result of a cross of Malaysian red chicken (Gallus gallus) with overseas chicken breeds such as Barred Plymouth Rock, New Hampshire, Austrorp, Brown Leghorn, Cornish, Canton and so on. Pure chicken breeds from various countries have been imported as early as the 50's as an effort to encourage people to keep chickens as cheap sources of protein. Uncontrolled hybrids and poor livestock management have eliminated the origin of the breed. Nutrition management and poor breeding have produced a small chicken generation and small and small egg production. The influence of forest chicken has diminished size and diversified local village chicken pattern and color. The obvious difference is that the size of the body has made the local village chicken unique in its own unique. So many other village chicken titles like Balak Ayam, Ayam Bulu Balik, Ayam Selasih, Ayam Janggut, Ayam Laga atau Sabung, Ayam Togel, ayam Katik, and various titles by places and accents. Three types of homemade chickens in Malaysia are Chicken Local Homes, Ayam Kampung Kacukan and Colored Meat Chicken.

Chicken breeds should be obtained from accredited breed farms and have been accredited and received Livestock Farming Certificate from Livestock Farming Scheme program by the Veterinary Department. Chicken quality control is important. Controls should start from the acceptance stage of the chicks. The quality of a good chick is healthy and vibrant, uniform size, at least 2535 grams, has a bright and shining eyes always in good standing, bright and shiny legs, dry and fluffy feathers, a pure anus not fused, no defect and dry center. Project sites are important and affect the productivity of chicken, management efficiency and project development. Colored chicken meat and hybrid homemade chickens can be intensively kept in the pile all the time. Local chickens and hybrid village chickens can be freely preserved, semi-intensive or integrated with palm oil, rubber or hamlets in enclosed areas. Local village chickens are kept traditionally in the village. The village chicken needs a comfortable preservation environment for good growth. Housing provided should be complete with internal and external environments providing comfort to chickens with the most economical building cost rates. The shelves are needed to protect the chickens from bad weather and predatory interference. The village chicken coop can be made using a system or type of floored, cement floor with a slab and can be ground floor only. The village chicken farms need to be managed neatly. Growth and production performance will be affected if the chicks begin to perform poorly.

Critical farming management covers the activities and factors of domestic chickens breeding, breeding and hatching of local chickens, food and beverages, farm records, monitoring of chicken and market performance. The food provided should contain optimum or sufficient nutrients for egg enlargement and production requirements. Suitable food is available in terms of physical, odor and taste. The use of commercial food manufactured in accordance with the standards set by SIRIM is encouraged. Special meals for chicken are already in the market. Drinking water is very important to the chicken for the internal processes of the body as well as for body temperature control. High deaths can occur due to the absence or lack of drinking water. Farm records should be established, kept in order and updated. Records are kept for the purpose of tracking and assessing the efficiency of farm management and profit and loss. Chicken performance should be monitored weekly especially weight, food consumption and death.